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Clinical Nursing Research

Clinical Nursing Research

2017 Impact Factor: 1.466
2017 Ranking: 39/118 in Nursing (SCI) | 35/115 in Nursing (SSCI)
Source: Journal Citation Reports®, 2018 release, a Clarivate Analytics product; Indexed in PubMed: MEDLINE
An International Journal

Editor
Pamela Z. Cacchione, PhD, RN, BC University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing, USA


eISSN: 15523799 | ISSN: 10547738 | Current volume: 28 | Current issue: 4 Frequency: 8 Times/Year

Clinical Nursing Research addresses issues of clinical research that are meaningful to practicing nurses, providing an international forum to:

  1. Encourage discussion among clinical practitioners.
  2. Enhance clinical practice by pinpointing potential clinical applications of the latest scholarly research.
  3. Disseminate research findings of particular interest to practicing nurses

A Vital Resource for Clinicians and Researchers

Whether you’re a clinician concerned with improving the quality of your work or a researcher involved in clinical investigations, Clinical Nursing Research is one of your most important resources.

An Interdispensable Reference for Students

In Clinical Nursing Research, graduate and undergraduate students alike have access to a rich source of research ideas and studies that can be directly related to clinical settings.

Pertinent Features Keep You Up-to-Date

Clinical Nursing Research
offers the following special features and articles that concentrate on nursing practice:

  • RESEARCH ARTICLES... Presentations of current research, with discussions on the applicability of its findings to the clinical setting.
     
  • INTERNATIONALLY REFEREED FEATURE ARTICLES... This section encourages contributions from various continents and enhances the network potential of Clinical Nursing Research throughout the international community. It includes commentaries by referees on continents other than that of the article's author(s). Referees' comments examine the use of research findings in their own environments and identify possible cultural biases or health-care issues that could diminish the universal applicability of the findings.
     
  • RESEARCH BRIEFS... Short research reports that focus on various aspects of practice.
     
  • REPLICATION STUDIES... Unique to Clinical Nursing Research, these studies replicate existing research and compare the findings, providing valuable information for clinicians committed to introducing research findings into their practice.  

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)

     

    Clinical Nursing Research is a refereed journal publishing research articles that focus on nursing practice. It disseminates research findings of particular interest to practicing nurses, provides an international forum for discussion among clinical nurse researchers and by identifying practical applications of research, enhances practice. Manuscripts of interest to CNR are those that focus on assessment and/or measures of intervention effectiveness for application in practice settings. CNR does not publish research on nurses. This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

    Editor
    Pamela Z. Cacchione, PhD, CRNP, BC, FGSA, FAAN University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing, USA
    Editor Emeritus
    Marilynn J. Wood, DrPH, RN University of Alberta, Canada.
    Editorial Assistant
    Nai-Wei Shih, MPhil, IMBA University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing, USA
    Associate Editor, Africa
    Esther Salang Seloilwe, PhD, RN, RM University of Botswana, School of Nursing, Botswana
    Associate Editor, Asia/Japan
    Tassana Boontong, RN, EdD, PhD (Hons) Thailand Nursing and Midwifery Council, Thailand
    Associate Editor, Middle East
    Alice Reizian, RN, DNSc (UCSF) Alexandria University, Faulty of Nursing, USA
    Associate Editor, North America
    Norma Metheny, PhD, RN, FAAN St. Louis University, School of Nursing, USA
    Associate Editor, Oceania
    Elizabeth Beattie, PhD, RN, FGSA Queensland University of Technology, School of Nursing, Australia
    Associate Editor, South/Central America
    Bertha Cruz Enders, RN, PhD Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Campus Universitário, Departamento de Enfermagem, Brazil
    Associate Editor, United Kingdom/Europe
    Barbara A. Parfitt, CBE, PhD, MSc, MCommH, ALBC, RGN, RM, FNP Department of Nursing and Community Health, Glasgow Caledonian University, UK
    Editorial Board
    Christopher Lance Coleman, PhD, MS, MPH, APRN-BC, ACRN, FAAN University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing, USA
    Kennith R. Culp, PhD, RN, FAAN University of Iowa, College of Nursing, USA
    Sharon Dudley-Brown, PHD, APRN-BC, FNP Johns Hopkins University Schools of Medicine & Nursing, USA
    Maria Horne, PhD, MA, BA (Hons) University of Leeds, School of Healthcare, UK
    Raphaela Kane, PhD, RN School of Nursing, Dublin City University, USA
    Helen Lach, PhD, RN St. Louis University, School of Nursing, USA
    Joseph R. Libonati, PhD University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing, USA
    Rosemary C. Polomano, PhD, RN, FAAN University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing, USA
    Judith A. Vinson, PhD, RN Michigan State University, College of Nursing, USA
    Diana Lynn Woods, PhD, APRN-BC, FGSA, FAAN Azusa Pacific University, School of Nursing, USA
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  • This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/cnr to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. Remember you can log in to the submission site at any time to check on the progress of your paper through the peer review process.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Clinical Nursing Research will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere. Please see our guidelines on prior publication and note that Clinical Nursing Research may accept submissions of papers that have been posted on pre-print servers; please alert the Editorial Office when submitting (contact details are at the end of these guidelines) and include the DOI for the preprint in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the preprint server while it is being peer reviewed for possible publication in the journal. If the article is accepted for publication, the author may re-use their work according to the journal's author archiving policy. If your paper is accepted, you must include a link on your preprint to the final version of your paper.

     

    1. What do we publish?
    1.1 Aims & Scope
    1.2 General guidelines
    1.3 Article types
    1.4 Writing your paper

    2. Editorial policies
    2.1 Peer review policy
    2.2 Authorship
    2.3 Acknowledgements
    2.4 Funding
    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
    2.7 Clinical trials
    2.8 Reporting guidelines
    2.9 Research Data

    3. Publishing policies
    3.1 Publication ethics
    3.2Contributor’s publishing agreement
    3.3Open access and author archiving

    4. Preparing your manuscript
    4.1 Formatting
    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    4.3 Supplemental material
    4.4 Reference style
    4.5 English language editing services

    5. Submitting your manuscript
    5.1 ORCID
    5.2 Information required for completing your submission
    5.3 Permissions

    6. On acceptance and publication
    6.1 SAGE Production
    6.2 Online First publication
    6.3 Access to your published article
    6.4 Promoting your article

    7. Further information
    7.1 Appealing the publication decision

     

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope
    Before submitting your manuscript to Clinical Nursing Research, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    1.2 General Guidelines

    1. General Instructions: All portions of the manuscript, including the abstract, notes, quotations, appendixes, tables, and reference list, must be typed double-spaced and left-justified (ragged right margins), with minimum one-inch margins. Number all pages, including the title page and reference list. Include the title on the first page of the text. As this is a refereed journal, authors' names must not appear anywhere in the manuscript other than on the title page. Treat acknowledgements as footnotes and include them on a separate page entitled "Notes" at the end of the manuscript.
    2. Manuscript Length: The text for a research article should be approximately 6,200 words; the manuscript should not exceed 24 pages, including references. Research briefs and replication studies are limited to 12 manuscript pages.
    3. Title Page: A separate title page must include the title (in not more than eight words), the authors' names, titles, current addresses (including postal or zip code) and telephone and FAX numbers, and their affiliations as they should appear in print. Provide three to five key words for indexing purposes.
    4. Abstract: The abstract should be a single paragraph summary of the manuscript typed on a separate page. It should be concise (not more than 150 words) and complete in itself. Include the study's purpose, methodology, major results, and application if appropriate.
    5. Style: Refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA Style Manual 6th Edition), and pay particular attention to the sections on sexist language and reference style. All references documented in the reference section must be cited in the text; similarly, all text citations must appear in the reference list.
    6. Copyright and Releases: Include a typed cover letter with your submission, which states that the author(s) is submitting the manuscript to Clinical Nursing Research exclusively. Authors submitting manuscripts do so with the understanding that, if the paper is accepted for publication, copyright belongs to the publisher. The senior author will be required to sign a Journal Contributor Publishing Agreement form when the manuscript is accepted for publication.
    7. Tables and Figures: All figures and those tables with 17 or more columns must be camera-ready. Submit black and white photographs of your figures, or original line drawings. Group tables and figures at the end of the manuscript; do not embed them within the text itself, and do not include more than one table on each page. Limit the total number of tables and figures to four.
    8. Permissions: Include proof of written permission for all quotations which require permission or exceed 300 words in length, and for all tables and figures from sources for which the author does not hold the copyright.
    9. Submission: submit your manuscript to the SAGE Track website at http://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/cnr.

    1.3 Article types

    Research Reports and Briefs: Research reports submitted to Clinical Nursing Research should follow the following format. The Journal's audience includes clinical practitioners as well as researchers, so please ensure that your writing style is simple and understandable. (Refer to Tornquist, E. M., Funk, S. G., & Champagne, M. T. (1989). Writing research reports for clinical audiences. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 11(5), 576-582.) You will not necessarily use the following headings in your manuscript; choose subtitles which are appropriate for your study.

    • The Introduction summarizes what the study is about, in one paragraph.
    • The Problem includes the background and rationale for the study, the conceptual framework, and a summary of the literature on which the study was based. Choose a subtitle appropriate to this section's content.
    • The section documenting the Purpose of the Study will include the research questions, hypotheses, and specific aims or objectives as appropriate. Label and describe the specific Design used in your study.
    • Describe the target population, the Sample, and how the subjects were selected for the study. Include the number of subjects in the sample.
    • In the Methods section, clearly describe procedures, protocols, instruments, and process. Discuss instruments' reliability and validity.
    • Under Data Analysis, provide sufficient detail to facilitate a clear understanding of your analysis techniques.
    • Provide a descriptive account of the major Findings, as well as of tests of significance, etc.
    • In the Discussion, assess the meaning of your findings for the reader. Discuss the study's strengths and weaknesses.
    • The Application section is of critical importance to the Journal. Discuss how the findings apply to nursing practice, and outline their immediate or potential use in the clinical setting. Advise the reader of how much confidence can be placed in the results, and include recommendations for replication of parts or all of the study before application. Emphasize the ways in which your study validates previous work.

    Replication Studies: Follow the same guidelines, including the following:

    • Clearly identify the study under replication; include a detailed reference to the original publication, the number of replications reported, and the modifications made. Report changes of location that could have cultural and environmental influences on the study. Record consultation(s) with the author(s) of the original study in the Notes section.
    • The literature review can be limited to an update of the original work. Identify differences from the original study that could affect the findings, and indicate the extent of the replication without repeating the original work.

    1.4 Writing your paper
    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

    1.4.1 Make your article discoverable
    For information and guidance on how to make your article more discoverable, visit our Gateway page on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy
    Clinical Nursing Research adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties.

    Clinical Nursing Research is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has partnered with Publons. Publons is a third party service that seeks to track, verify and give credit for peer review. Reviewers for CNR can opt in to Publons in order to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Reviewers claiming credit for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the article name, reviewer’s decision and the content of their review is not published on the site. For more information visit the Publons website.

    The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.

    2.2 Authorship
    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    1. Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
    2. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    3. Approved the version to be published,
    4. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    2.3 Acknowledgements
    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    2.3.1 Writing assistance
    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    2.4 Funding
    Clinical Nursing Research requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    It is the policy of Clinical Nursing Research to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here

    2.6 Research ethics and patient consent
    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative. Please do not submit the patient’s actual written informed consent with your article, as this in itself breaches the patient’s confidentiality. The Journal requests that you confirm to us, in writing, that you have obtained written informed consent but the written consent itself should be held by the authors/investigators themselves, for example in a patient’s hospital record. The confirmatory letter may be uploaded with your submission as a separate file.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants

    2.7 Clinical trials
    Clinical Nursing Research conforms to the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment as a condition of consideration for publication. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.

    2.8 Reporting guidelines
    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed CONSORT flow chart as a cited figure and the completed CONSORT checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses should include the completed PRISMA flow chart as a cited figure and the completed PRISMA checklist should be uploaded with your submission as a supplementary file. The EQUATOR wizard can help you identify the appropriate guideline.

    Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives

    2.9. Research Data
    At SAGE we are committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research. Where relevant, Clinical Nursing Research encourages authors to share their research data in a suitable public repository subject to ethical considerations and where data is included, to add a data accessibility statement in their manuscript file. Authors should also follow data citation principles. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway, which includes information about SAGE’s partnership with the data repository Figshare.

    3. Publishing policies

    3.1 Publication ethics
    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism
    Clinical Nursing Research
    and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication
    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement      
    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.3 Open access and author archiving
    Clinical Nursing Research offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Formatting
    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines  

    Figures supplied in color will appear in color online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version. For specifically requested color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplemental material
    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplemental files

    4.4 Reference style
    Clinical Nursing Research adheres to the APA reference style. View the APA guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    4.5 English language editing services
    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

    5. Submitting your manuscript

    Clinical Nursing Research is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/cnr to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    5.1 ORCID
    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID IDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID ID you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID ID will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID ID is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID ID please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission
    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions
    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production
    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via our editing portal SAGE Edit or by email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorizing the change.

    6.2 Online First publication
    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article
    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article
    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. In addition, SAGE is partnered with Kudos, a free service that allows authors to explain, enrich, share, and measure the impact of their article. Find out how to maximize your article’s impact with Kudos

    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Clinical Nursing Research editorial office as follows:

    authorqueries@sagepub.com

    7.1 Appealing the publication decision
    Editors have very broad discretion in determining whether an article is an appropriate fit for their journal. Many manuscripts are declined with a very general statement of the rejection decision. These decisions are not eligible for formal appeal unless the author believes the decision to reject the manuscript was based on an error in the review of the article, in which case the author may appeal the decision by providing the Editor with a detailed written description of the error they believe occurred.

    If an author believes the decision regarding their manuscript was affected by a publication ethics breach, the author may contact the publisher with a detailed written description of their concern, and information supporting the concern, at publication_ethics@sagepub.com

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