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Qualitative Research
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Qualitative Research
Bridging the Conceptual, Theoretical, and Methodological

Second Edition
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January 2020 | 624 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
The second edition of Qualitative Research focuses on cultivating and bridging theoretical, methodological, and conceptual aspects to provide insight into their interactions in qualitative research. This comprehensive text helps students understand the central concepts, topics, and skills necessary to engage in rigorous, valid, and respectful qualitative research. Authors Sharon M. Ravitch and Nicole Mittenfelner Carl have written this text with student researchers in mind, balancing communicating the foundations and processes of qualitative research with clarity and simplicity while also capturing its complexity and layers.  Whether students are new to qualitative research or not, this book will help students develop and deepen their understanding of an approach to research that seeks, designs for, and engages criticality in research.

The new edition of this book includes a more prominently-placed and expanded discussion of research ethics as crucial to students' inquiry, more information on reflexivity in data collection and individual methods for qualitative data collection, a more in-depth chapter on coding and other types of qualitative data analysis, and more thorough resource sections including connections to the extensive appendices so students can further their qualitative research journey. 
 
Foreword
 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
Sharon Would Like to Thank
 
Nicole Would Like to Thank
 
About the Authors
 
Chapter 1: Qualitative Research: An Opening Orientation
An Overview of the Processes of Qualitative Research

 
Defining and Situating Qualitative Research

 
Key Components of Qualitative Research

 
Horizontal Values in Qualitative Research: Criticality, Reflexivity, Collaboration, and Rigor

 
Approaches to Qualitative Research: An Overview

 
A Note on the Possibilities of Qualitative Research

 
 
Chapter 2: Conceptual Frameworks in Research
Conceptual Frameworks in Research

 
Developing a Conceptual Framework

 
Building Your Conceptual Framework

 
 
Chapter 3: Qualitative Research Design
Research Design in Qualitative Research

 
Qualitative Research Design Processes

 
Sampling: Site and Participant Selection

 
Writing in Research Design

 
Conclusion

 
 
Chapter 4: Reflexivity in Data Collection
Defining Qualitative Research as Iterative

 
Reflexivity in Data Collection

 
Reflexivity and Researcher-Generated Data Sources

 
 
Chapter 5: Methods of Data Collection
Interviews

 
Observational Fieldnotes

 
Focus Groups

 
Documents and Archival Data

 
Open-Ended Questionnaires

 
Participatory Methods of Data Collection

 
Revisiting Research Design

 
 
Chapter 6: Validity in Qualitative Research
Overview of Validity in Qualitative Research

 
Assessing Validity

 
Strategies for Achieving Qualitative Validity

 
Rigor and Validity in Qualitative Research

 
 
Chapter 7: Ethics and Relational Research
Relational Ethics: Taking a Relational Approach to Research

 
Deepening Research Ethics: Beyond IRB and Informed Consent

 
Beyond Negotiating Entrée and Building Rapport

 
Research Boundaries

 
Informed Consent, with an Emphasis on Informed

 
Transparency in Goals, Expectations, Processes, and Roles

 
Confidentiality and Anonymity

 
The Ethical Dimensions of the Researcher as Instrument

 
Pushing Against the Expert–Learner Binary

 
Ethical Collaboration: Dialectics of Mutual Influence

 
Balancing Design Flexibility and Rigor: Responsive Research as an Ethical Stance

 
 
Chapter 8: An Integrative Approach to Data Analysis
Defining and Critically Approaching Qualitative Data Analysis

 
Analysis and Interpretation

 
Overview of Qualitative Data Analysis Processes

 
An Integrative Approach to Qualitative Data Analysis

 
 
Chapter 9: Methods and Processes of Data Analysis
Data Organization and Managements

 
Immersive Engagement

 
Writing and Representation

 
 
Chapter 10: Writing and Representing Research: The Research Report
The Craft of Writing: Outlining, Drafting, and Revising

 
Writing a Final Report: Building On, Deepening, and Codifying Analysis

 
Critical Writing Considerations

 
Concluding Thoughts: The Ethics of Research Writing

 
 
Chapter 11: Qualitative Research Proposals
Qualitative Research Proposals

 
Writing Quality Research Proposals

 
Adapting Research Proposals

 
 
Epilogue
Revisiting the Horizontal Values in Qualitative Research

 
Closing Thoughts: The Power and Potential of Qualitative Research

 
 
Glossary
 
Appendixes
 
References
 
Index
Key features
  • Updated organization addresses ethics earlier in the research process       
  • A more cohesive discussion of research design helps students see the design process within one main chapter
  • Additional resources and examples for developing questionnaires provide more thorough coverage
  • Expanded discussions of qualitative coding and analysis over several chapters provide more student support for this crucial aspect of research
  • Recommended Practices for each memo or document guide students in their creation and development
  • Annotated Examples throughout provide real examples and author insights
  • Appendices with new and updated examples from real student research including memos, protocols, forms, displays, and conference, grant, and dissertation proposals

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