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A Brief Introduction to Corrections

A Brief Introduction to Corrections

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January 2020 | 392 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
A Brief Introduction to Corrections is a condensed version of the best-selling Introduction to Corrections by Robert D. Hanser. This new text provides students with an overview of corrections that is both practitioner-driven and grounded in modern research. Experienced correctional practitioner and scholar Robert D. Hanser shows readers how the corrections system actually works, from classification to security and treatment to demonstrating how and why correctional practices are implemented.

INSTRUCTORS: A Brief Introduction to Corrections is accompanied by a complete teaching and learning package! Contact your rep to request a demo.
  • SAGE Premium Video
    SAGE Premium Video includes original Criminal Justice in Practice Videos, Prison Tour Videos, and Career Videos that boost comprehension and bolster analysis. Watch a sample
  • Interactive eBook
    Your students save when you bundle the print book with the Interactive eBook (Bundle ISBN: 978-1-0718-1326-3), which includes access to SAGE Premium Video and other multimedia tools. Learn more
  • LMS Cartridge (formally known as SAGE Coursepacks)
    Import this title’s instructor resources into your school’s learning management system (LMS) and save time. Don’t use an LMS? You can still access all of the same online resources for this title via the password-protected Instructor Resource Site. Learn more.

Interactive eBook
Digital Resources
CHAPTER 1: Early History of Punishment and the Development of Prisons in the United States
Defining Corrections: A Variety of Possibilities

The Notion of Punishment and Corrections Throughout History

The Enlightenment and Correctional Reform

Punishment During Early American History: 1700s–1800s

The Age of the Reformatory in America

Prisons in America: 1900s to the End of World War II

Modern-Day Systems: Federal and State Inmate Characteristics


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Applied Exercise 1.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 2: Ideological and Theoretical Underpinnings to Sentencing and Correctional Policy

Philosophical Underpinnings

Types of Sanctions

Arguments For and Against the Death Penalty

Brutalization Hypothesis

Sentencing Models

Criminological Theories and Corrections


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Key Case

Applied Exercise 2.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 3: Correctional Law and Legal Liabilities

The Hands-Off Doctrine

The Emergence of Inmate Rights

Corrections and the Constitution

Constitutionality of the Death Penalty

A Restrained Hands-On Perspective and Court Deference to Prisons

State and Federal Legal Liabilities

Compliance With Judicial Orders


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Key Cases

Applied Exercise 3.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 4: Jail and Detention Facilities

Jails in the Past

The Modern Jail

Jails as Short-Term Institutions

Jails as Long-Term Facilities

Health Care in Jails

Jail Training Standards

Specialized Types of Jail Sentences

Special Issues in Jails


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Applied Exercise 4.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 5: Probation and Intermediate Sanctions

A Brief History of Probation

Contemporary Probation: When the Jail Is Full

Characteristics of Probationers

Probation Officers

Probation Revocation

Types of Intermediate Sanctions


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Applied Exercise 5.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 6: Facility Design and Classification in Jails and Prisons

Prison Facility Designs Throughout History

The Rise of the Supermax

Prison Designs

Internal Security

Technology Systems in Prisons

Rationale for Classification

The Goals of Classification Systems

Special Housing Assignments


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Key Cases

Applied Exercise 6.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 7: Prison Subculture and Prison Gang Influence

Theories of Prison Subculture

The Inmate Subculture of Modern Times

The Impact of the Inmate Subculture on Corrections Staff


The Guard Subculture

The Impact of Gangs Upon Prison Subculture

Major Prison Gangs in the United States


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Applied Exercise 7.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 8: Female Offenders in Correctional Systems

Female Offenders Behind Bars: A Detailed Look at Percentages and Rates

History of Women Behind Bars

Issues Related to the Modern-Day Female Offender Population

Considerations for Female Offenders

Conditions of Care for Female Offenders

Female Offenders and Treatment Implications


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Applied Exercise 8.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 9: Specialized Inmate Populations and Juvenile Correctional Systems

Administrative Considerations

Prison Subculture and Special Needs Offenders

Mentally Ill Offenders

Sex Offenders

Safety, Security, and Assistance for LGBTI Inmates

Elderly Offenders

Juveniles and the Correctional System

Screening and Classification of Juvenile Offenders

Detention Versus Incarceration

Incarceration of Juveniles


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Key Cases

Applied Exercise 9.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 10: Correctional Administration and Prison Programming

Federal Bureau of Prisons Administration

Correctional System Administration

The Corrections Workforce

Prison Programming

Medical Care

Educational Programs

Prison Work Programs

Drug Treatment Programs

Recreational Programs

Religious Programs


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Applied Exercise 10.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 11: Parole and Reintegration

Parole and Parolee Characteristics

The Beginning History of Parole

Parole at the State Level

Parole as the Correctional Release Valve for Prisons

The Role of Institutional Parole Officers

Common Conditions of Parole

Reentry Initiatives

Violations of Parole, Parole Warrants, and Parole Revocation Proceedings


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Key Case

Applied Exercise 11.1

What Would You Do?

CHAPTER 12: Program Evaluation, Evidence-Based Practices, and Future Trends in Corrections

Evaluation Research

Focus Topic 12.1: Commonly Used Measures of Reentry Program Performance

Evidence-Based Practice

The Future of Corrections


Discussion Questions

Key Terms

Applied Exercise 12.1

What Would You Do?

About the Author


Instructor Resource Site

For additional information, custom options, or to request a personalized walkthrough of these resources, please contact your sales representative.

LMS cartridge included with this title for use in Blackboard, Canvas, Brightspace by Desire2Learn (D2L), and Moodle

The LMS cartridge makes it easy to import this title’s instructor resources into your learning management system (LMS). These resources include:

  • Test banks
  • Editable chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides
  • Sample course syllabi
  • Lecture notes
  • All tables and figures from the textbook 
Don’t use an LMS platform?

You can still access all of the same online resources for this title via the password-protected Instructor Resource Site.
Student Study Site


The open-access Student Study Site makes it easy for students to maximize their study time, anywhere, anytime. It offers flashcards that strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts, as well as learning objectives that reinforce the most important material.

Key features
  • SAGE Premium Video in an accompanying Interactive eBook boosts comprehension and bolsters analysis.
    • Criminal Justice in Practice Videos: Decision-Making Scenarios: Original animations give students the opportunity to apply concepts and check for a deeper understanding of how these concepts play out in real-world scenarios.
    • Prison Tour Videos: These original videos feature inmates and correctional workers from Louisiana State Penitentiary and Richwood Correctional Facility in Louisiana.
    • Career Video: Interviews feature criminal justice professionals discussing their day-to-day work and current issues related to technology, diversity, and cutting-edge developments in the field.
  • Content includes timely legislation, examples, and topics, such as sentencing practices, technological innovations, and offenders with special needs.
  • Chapter-opening vignettes highlight important issues in corrections and allow students to understand the challenges corrections practitioners face each day.
  • Focus Topic boxes reinforce learning objectives by providing additional insight on key points in the chapter, adding depth and detail to the topics that interest students the most.
  • “What Would You Do?” exercises present modern-day correctional scenarios for students to apply and synthesize chapter material to ensure higher-order learning.
  • Applied Exercise Features allow students to demonstrate their understanding by performing activities that integrate the material with the hands-on world of the corrections practitioner.
  • Up-to-date statistics provide students a contemporary snapshot of the status of corrections today.
  • Learning objectives that utilize Bloom’s taxonomy prepare students for forthcoming material and let them know what is critical to the reading.
  • Chapter-ending Discussion Questions prompt students to review and think through chapter content that is relevant to chapter-opening learning objectives.
  • Key Terms/Key Cases at the end of each chapter help supplement information relevant to chapter learning objectives. The terms and cases are in bold throughout the text and are included in the glossary.
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A Brief Introduction to Corrections - Vantage Learning Platform

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