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Foundations of Mixed Methods Research

Foundations of Mixed Methods Research
Integrating Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Second Edition

October 2020 | 472 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

The highly-anticipated second edition of the Foundations of Mixed Methods Research:Integrating Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches in the Social and Behavioral Sciences gives students a comprehensive overview of mixed methods from philosophical roots and traditions through designing, conducting, and disseminating a study. Authors Abbas Tashakkori, R. Burke Johnson, and Charles Teddlie have thoroughly updated the text to reflect the many advances over the last decade in mixed methods. New example studies throughout and a new appendix highlight the latest research on mixed methods and current best practices. New sections on evaluating quality in mixed methods studies and writing up research results round out the process of mixed methods research. The authors have added features like content summaries and objectives at the beginning of each chapter and chapter summaries and previews at the end of each chapter to aid readers in their mixed methods journey.

Students across social science, behavioral science, and health and nursing fields are now expected to be proficient in mixed methods research. This text begins with an introduction to and overview of the development of mixed methodology, and then takes students through all aspects of working with mixed methods, from research design and data collection through to analysis and conclusions. This new edition includes additional information on writing, publishing, and disseminating results, as well as information on policy impact and annotated examplars of mixed methods research studies. A new generation of mixed methods scholars can now engage with this vital text in mixed methods research.


Publisher’s Acknowledgments
About the Authors
Section I: Mixed Methods: The Third Methodological Movement
Chapter 1: Mixed Methods as the Third Research Community

Three Communities of Researchers in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

An Example of How the Three Communities Approach a Research Problem

The Three Methodological Communities: Continuing Debates or Peaceful Coexistence?

Differences Among Paradigms, Methodologies, and Methods

Stages of Research: A Systems Approach

More Details Regarding the Methodological Communities

Inductive-Deductive Research Cycle (Cycle of Research Methodology)


Review Questions and Exercises

Key Terms

Chapter 2: Three Approaches to Research

Methodological Distinctions Among the Three Communities: Continua, Not Dichotomy

Issues Related to Mixed Methods Terms and Definitions

The Utility of Mixed Methods Research


Review Questions and Exercises

Key Terms

Chapter 3: Philosophical Foundations of Mixed Methods Research

A Review of Philosophical Issues Relevant to Paradigms

Contemporary Points of View Regarding the Use of Paradigms


Review Questions and Exercises

Key Terms

Section II: Methods and Strategies of Mixed Methods Research
Chapter 4: Inputs to the Research Process: Mixed Methods Purposes and Questions

Introduction: The Initiation Stage of Research

Reasons for Conducting Research in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Emergence of Researchable Ideas in Content Areas of Interest

Conducting Literature Reviews

Generating Objectives for Mixed Methods Research

Generating Research Questions for Mixed Methods Research


Review Questions and Exercises

Key Terms

Chapter 5: Mixed Methods Research Designs

Issues Regarding Typologies of Mixed Methods Designs

Criteria Used in Mixed Methods Research Typologies

Quasi-Mixed Methods Designs

Basic Terminology for Mixed Methods Research Designs

The Sequence-Sources Design Matrix

Popular Designs in Monomethod, Multimethod, and MM Research

Other Typologies of Mixed Methods Research Designs

Six-Step Process for Selecting or Constructing an Appropriate Mixed Methods Design


Review Questions and Exercises

Key Terms

Chapter 6: Sampling Methods and Strategies for Mixed Methods Research

Sampling Methods and Strategies in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Traditional Probability Sampling Methods

Traditional Purposive Sampling Methods

General Considerations Concerning Mixed Methods Sampling

Mixed Methods Sampling Approaches

Guidelines for Mixed Methods Sampling


Review Questions and Exercises

Key Terms

Chapter 7: Considerations Before Collecting Your Data

Setting the Stage: Before You Start

Introduction to Data Collection in Mixed Methods Research

Data Quality in the Quantitative and Qualitative Strands of Mixed Methods Research


Review Questions and Exercises

Key Terms

Chapter 8: Data Collection Methods for Mixed Methods Research

Major Data Collection Methods and Mixed Methods Research

Between-Methods Mixed Methods Data Collection


Review Questions and Exercises

Key Terms

Chapter 9: Data Analysis in Mixed Methods Research

Analysis Strategies for Qualitative Data

Four General Types of Qualitative Data Analysis

Analysis Strategies for Quantitative Data

Strategies for Analyzing Mixed Methods Data

Applying Aspects of Analytic Frameworks of One Tradition to Data Analysis Within Another Tradition


Review Questions and Exercises

Key Terms

Chapter 10: The Inference Process in Mixed Methods Research

Mixed Methods Research and Inferences

What Is a Research Inference?

The Process of Making Inferences

Evaluating and Maximizing the Quality of Research Inferences

A Complementary Elaboration to Our Integrative MM Framework

Transferability of Inferences in Mixed Methods Research


Review Questions and Exercises

Key Terms

Chapter 11: From Initiation to Utilization: Planning, Implementing, Writing, and Disseminating Mixed Methods Research

From Initiation to Research Utilization

Conducting and Publishing Mixed Methods Studies

Politics, Challenges, and Prospects Facing Mixed Methods

Teaching and Learning of (Integrated) Research Methodology

Challenges and Future Directions


Review Questions and Exercises

Key Terms

Appendix: Implementing Integration in an Explanatory Sequential Mixed Methods Study of Belief Bias About Climate Change With High School Students
Author Index
Subject Index


Student Study Site
Find PowerPoint® slides to accompany this book:

THis is a great all-round book for students to use that is easy to follow.

Professor Elizabeth Halcomb
School of Nursing, University of Wollongong - Wollongong
August 25, 2022

A very good book. A useful resource

Dr Michaela Davis
School of Medicine & Medical Science, University College Dublin
July 9, 2021

best book for mixed methods designs

Dr Mark Malisa
Research and Advanced Studies, University Of West Florida
February 18, 2021
Key features
  • Condensed chapter structure shortens previous history of mixed methods material in order to give more detail on recent developments in mixed methods in the last 10 year.
  • A brand-new chapter on planning, implementing, writing, and disseminating mixed methods research closes the loop for researchers
  • Additional detailed flow charts at the beginning of chapters and throughout help readers navigate the mixed methods research process, identifying where they are at any point.
  • A heavily-revised chapter 4 on Research Questions reflects both the authors' significant experience in the intervening years and new developments in the field.
  • Throughout the text, new research studies and examples provide readers with latest information on mixed methods.
  • Written to serve both as a sourcebook and as a textbook by three of the most prominent mixed methods researchers.
  • Addresses each of the 12 foundational issues of mixed methods research, from basic definitions through to analysis, writing, and teaching and learning in mixed methods
  • Learning objectives give readers a roadmap to each chapter
  • Chapter summaries provide a succinct summation of each chapter
  • To orient readers to the unique terminology of mixed methods, bolded terms are listed throughout the chapter
  • Discussions of research ideas common to quantitative and qualitative communities

For instructors

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